Tvisha, Twisha

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  • Origin: Sanskrit त्विषा
  • Gender: feminine
  • Meaning: “splendour; light”
  • (TWEE-shah)

The name comes directly from the Sanskrit word त्विषा meaning “splendour; light.” It can be transliterated as Tvisha or Twisha.


Potamiana, Butamina

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  • Origin: Egyptian/Coptic ⲡⲟⲧⲁⲙⲓⲁⲛⲁ
  • Gender: feminine
  • Meaning: “from the lake; from the sea.”

Potamiana is a latinized form of the Demotic Tꜣ-pꜣ-ym, ultimately derived from the Coptic Tapiam ⲧⲁⲡⲓⲁⲙ meaning “of the sea; of the lake.” It later evolved into the Greek Taphomis Ταπιωμις, and further hellenized as Potamiana.

Butamina and Butamiyana بُوطَامِيانَا‎ are it’s Arabized forms.

The name was borne by a 3rd-century AD Egyptian saint who was martyred for her Christianity.

Her feast day is June 28th.

Other forms of the name include:

  • Butamina بوتاميانا, Butamiyana بوتاميانا (Arabic)
  • Pwtmyana ܦܘܛܡܝܢܐ (Aramaic)
  • Potamiana Ποταμιανή Потамиана (Croatian, Czech, English, German, Greek, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish)
  • Potamienne, Potamène, Potamine (French)
  • Potamiaina, Potamiöna (German)
  • Potamaena, Potamiaena (Late Latin)
  • Potamiena (Italian, Spanish)
  • Potamina (Italian)
  • Potamijana Потамијана (Serbian)
  • Potamiyana Потаміана (Ukrainian)


Awwal, Oula

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  • Origin: Arabic
  • Meaning: “first; foremost.”
  • masc (AHW-wahl); fem (OO-lah)

Awwal أوّل is an Arabic male name which comes directly from the Arabic word القائمة (first, foremost). It’s feminine form is Oula أولى. A unisex form is Awwalan أَوَّلاَن which is derived from the plural form of awwal.

In Islam, al-Awwal is one of the many names of God.



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  • Origin: Hindi
  • Meaning: “beautiful eyes”
  • Gender: Feminine
  • (soo-NAY-nah)

The name is composed of the Hindi words सुंदर (sundar), meaning “beautiful” and aina ऐन “eyes; mirror.” The name is borne by several Indian actresses, including Sunaina Yella.



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  • Origin: Sanskrit
  • Meaning: “wonder.”
  • Script: ವಿಸ್ಮಯ (Kannada); വിസ്മയ (Malayalam)
  • Gender: feminine
  • (VIS-mye-uh)

The name comes directly from the Sanskrit word विस्मय (vismaya) meaning, “wonder; amazement.”


Safin, Safana, Safina

Legitimate Baby Names

Safin سَفِين is an Arabic male name that derives from the Arabic root, S-F-N س ف ن meaning, “ship.” Safin itself is the plural form and therefore means “ships.” The singular form of Safina سَفِينة (ship) is used as a female given-name. Another feminine form, which is Safana سَفّانة, literally meaning “boatwright” in modern Arabic derives from the same root but may have had a connotation of a precious gem or pearl in old Arabic and was also used as a term of endearment for a daughter.

The name is used in reference to “سفينة نوح” (safinat Nuh), which is Arabic for Noah’s ark.

Other forms include: Safeen (masculine), Saffanah (feminine), Safanah (feminine) & Safinah (feminine).

A Tatar form is Сәфинә” (Säfinä).

Safina is used throughout the Islamic world.


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Balandis, Balanda

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  • Origin: Lithuanian
  • Meaning: “april; pigeon; dove.”
  • masc (bahl-LAHN-dis); fem (bah-LAHN-dah)

Balandis comes directly from the Lithuanian word for both the type of bird (dove, pigeon) or the month of April. The word itself is from the Old Prussian root word balts meaning “white.” Both the month and the bird may have gotten this name due to their associations with the colour white.

A feminine form is Balanda.



Legitimate Baby Names

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Gender: Feminine
Origin: Lithuanian/Latvian
Meaning: “song.”
(DY-nuh) homonym: Dinah

The name comes directly from the Lithuanian and Latvian words for song. The daina is a traditional form of music and poetry found in both Latvian and Lithuanian culture. A lot of dainas have to do with pre-Christian themes, such as heros and gods from ancient Baltic mythology. The name became a popular Latvian and Lithuanian given name around the 19th century. It is currently borne by Latvian-born mathematician Daina Taimina who is known for crocheting objects to illustrate hyperbolic space ( The name’s pronunciation is identical to that of the English pronunciation of the Biblical Hebrew name Dinah. Its designated name day is Aug 7.

Lithuanian masculine forms are Dainas, Dainis (DYE-nis), Dainys (DYE-nees), Dainius, Dainotas and Dainutis.

Designated name-days for the masculine forms in Lithuania are November 11.

Other feminine forms include: Dainė…

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Ayman, Yamina, Yumna

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  • Origin: Arabic
  • Meaning: “right.”
  • masc. (I-mun); fem (yah-MEE-nah); YOOM-na

Ayman is derived from the Arabic word يمين (yamin) meaning “right,” referring to the right hand. The word is ultimately derived from a Semitic root ي م ن (right). The Arabic root word is y-m-n (ي-م-ن), which can mean “right hand,” “right side,” “favor,” “blessing,” “prosperity,” “ease,” or “success.” It shares the same root as the Hebrew מִין (yamin) meaning, “right hand; south,” which forms a basis of the name Benjamin. The country of Yemen also gets its name from the same root word.

The name was borne by a companion of the Prophet Mohammed, known as Ayman Ibn Abayd.

Ayman is a traditional male name in the Arabic-speaking world, but has been commonly used on females in Pakistan, possibly in reference to the kunya of Umm Ayman (meaning “mother of Ayman”, the mother of Ayman Ibn Abayd, or perhaps due to it sounding more feminine in the Urdu language.

Its traditional Arabic feminine form is Yamina يمينة which is a popular female name in Maghrebi countries but is used in other predominate Islamic countries. Another feminine form is Yumna يُمْنَى, which is currently the 983rd most popular female name in the United States (2021).

A more unusual feminine form is Yumnaat يُمْنَات.

Ayamin أَيامِن which is a plural form يمين (yamin) is occasionally used as a unisex name.

Ayman currently ranks as the 96th most popular male name in Catalonia, Spain (2021).

Its current rankings in other countries are as follows:

  • #407 (England & Wales, 2021).
  • #477 (France)

Its Turkish form of Eymen is the 5th most popular male name in Turkey (2021). In the Netherlands it ranks in at #344 (2022) and in France at #440 (2021).

Another transliteration of Ayman is Aiman.

Other forms include:

  • Ejmen (Albanian)
  • Yaman, Yamin يمين (Arabic)
  • Yumn يُمْن (Arabic)
  • Ayman (Arabic, Azeri, Urdu)
  • Aiman আইমান Әймән (Bengali, Kazakh, Tatar)
  • Ajman (Bosnian)
  • Aymon Аймон (Tajik)
  • Eymen (Turkish)

Feminine forms include:

  • Jamina (Albanian, Bosnian)


Azraq, Zaraq, Zarqaa

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  • Origin: Arabic زرقاء
  • Meaning: “blue”
  • (uz-ROCK); (zuh-ROCK); (zar-KA)
  • Usage: Arabic-Speaking countries, India and Pakistani among Muslim communities

Azraq أَزْرَق is from the masculine Arabic noun from the word for blue. The name has occasional use in Arabic-speaking North Africa and the Levant.

It’s feminine form of Zarqaa زرقاء is the Arabic feminine version of the word for blue زرقاء. It is transliterated as Zerqa or Zerka in Maghrebi Arab countries. Zerka can also be the Bosnian or Albanian form. This name has occasional use across the Islamic world.

Zaraq زرق is an Arabic unisex name derived from the neuter Arabic noun meaning “greenish-blue,” roughly translating to the color of turquoise (not the gemstone which in Arabic is Fairuz فيروز). Zaraq is mainly used as a masculine name in Southeast Asian countries such as Pakistan and India, but is considered unisex in the Arabic-Speaking world.

All three names derive from the Arabic root word z-r-q (ز-ر-ق), which means “blue.”

Other transliterations of the feminine form are Zurqa and Zurqa.’